Joseph Young was born in Glasgow, Lanarkshire, Scotland on 10th September 1919.
The 1891 census on Ancestry.co.uk shows that the Young family was living at 45, Wolsely St. Glasgow, Govan, Lanarkshire, Scotland. Head of the household was Alexander Young, age 44, born in Banton, Stirlingshire. He was a Foundry labourer. His wife Mary, aged 40, had been born in Mitock, Dunbartonshire. They had seven children listed at home. They were, Agnes, aged 22, a Machinist by trade. Alexander 20 was a Ferryman. William 20 was a Spring Mattress Maker. Ellen 16 was a Swettie Worker. Maggie 13 was a Wool Worker. Mary aged 11 and Joseph 9 were both scholars.
Ten years on we find the Young family on the 1901 census living at 72, South Wellington Street, Glasgow, Lanarkshire. Head, Alexander Young was a Labourer in a Foundry. There were four children listed at home. Helen 26 was a Confectionery Worker. Maggie 23, was a Coloured Weaver. Mary was 21, and Joseph was a Confectioner’s Packer.
In 1909 Margaret Young, Joseph’s sister emigrated to Canada with her friend, Martha Grey, (Passenger List or Manifest of Alien Passengers for the United States, Ancestry.co.uk). They were both Power Loom Weavers and they gave Margaret’s father’s address, 37, Hillside Street, Glasgow as their previous address. They gave their contact address in America as, Margaret Agnes Baxter, 50, Bloomingdale Ave, Pawtucket, Rhode Island. Margaret appears on the 1910 census for New York as a Boarder working in a Cotton Mill as a Weaver.
There is a Declaration of Intention completed by Margaret in 1924, stating that she emigrated in 1909 from Glasgow and wished to become a citizen of the United States. Her address at that time was 120, Samuel Avenue, Pantucket, Rhode Island. (Ancestry.co.uk)
Mary Young Joseph’s Mother died on 19th March 1911. (Scotland’s People website, Registration of Death.)
Alexander Young, Joseph’s father is shown to be living with his married daughter Helen, her husband and their daughter Lily at 37, Hillside Street, Glasgow. on the 1911 census for Scotland.
I cannot find any details of Joseph’s emigration to the U.S.A. or Canada but there is a document on Ancestry for a Joseph Young having entered U.S.A. from Canada on 5th April 1908.
Joseph Young’s army records tell us that he enlisted into the Over-Seas Canadian Expeditionary Force on 29th April 1915 in Port Arthur. He named his next of kin as Margaret Young, sister, address 31, Pacific Street, Rhode Island, New York, U.S.A. He stated that he was a Labourer, of single status, born in Glasgow, Scotland on 30th Sept, 1882. On his medical form he was described as being 5ft 10ins tall with a fair complexion, blue eyes and brown hair, he had tattoos on the right forearm.
After basic training in Canada, Joseph embarked for England and arrived on 3rd December 1915 when he was posted to an Army camp to complete training before being deployed to France with the 52nd Battalion of the Canadian Infantry on 20th December 1916.
Joseph was promoted to Lance Corporal on 19th July 1916 in the Field. He was promoted to Corporal on 29th July 1916. He remained in the Field with the 52nd Battalion until 14th February 1917 when he was admitted to no. 9 Field Hospital at Etaples with Pyrexia of Unknown Origin, (Fever) he was sent back to the U.K. He then spent time in various hospitals in Hastings, Colchester , Epsom and Uxbridge. After a period of convalescence, Joseph was discharged from hospital on 24th April 1917 and transferred to 18th Reserve Battalion at Dibgate. Joseph once again found himself hospitalised at Etchinghill Canadian Hospital on 10th May 1917 where he remained until 22nd June 1917 when he was discharged and remained in Lyminge, Kent until he was posted to Kinmel Park Army Camp in Rhyl on 9th December 1918 to await repatriation to Canada.
On the 5th March 1919 Joseph Young was involved in the Kinmel Park Riot and was fatally wounded after receiving a blow to the face with a bayonet. He was admitted to no. 9 Canadian Military Hospital at Kinmel Park at 3.30pm and taken to the operating theatre but died on returning to the ward at 5.45pm .
Joseph Young left all his worldly goods to his sister Margaret of 61, Pacific Street, Central Falls, Rhode Island, U.S.A.
.(From Library of Canada Archives)
Kinmel Park Camp was a segregation camp used to house Canadian Soldiers awaiting repatriation to Canada after the end of WW1. Unfortunately the conditions at that time were extremely harsh with a lack of every kind of commodity, the camp was overcrowded and the services were poor, there were shortages of clothing, food and blankets.
There have been many varied accounts of what happened that day but when the riot was brought under control five men were pronounced dead and many wounded, servicemen were court marshalled and investigations were held.
If you wish to read about The Kinmel Park Camp Riots 1919, a full account has been published by Julian Putkowski, ISBN 0-9512776-1-8. This is available on sale at St. Margaret’s Church, Bodelwyddan.
There is also an excellent account of the Kinmel Park Riots by Dave Lamb, if you wish to read about the riots please follow the link.
He is buried in St. Margaret’s Cemetery, Bodelwyddan, North Wales.
Joseph is commemorated on the Canadian Virtual War Memorial.