Cowan John Arpin Allin

The 1901 Census on shows us that the Cowan family was living in Toronto West, Canada in the province of Ontario.

The family consisted of Head Arthur William Cowan age 37 born on the 1st April 1864 in Ontario of Irish descent.  He was an Expressman by trade. His wife was Harriet aged 32 born on the 19th December 1866 in England having emigrated as a child in 1872. Their listed children were John 9, born on the 23rd November 1891 in Toronto. Lillian was 7 born on the 9th December 1893 .  Robert 5 was born  on the 24th May 1895.  Charlotte E.  4  was born on the 1st September 1896  and Arthur F. 1  was born 3rd December 1899.  All the children apart from John were born in Ontario.

Ten years on, the 1911 Census shows that the Cowan family was  living  at 51 Foxley Street, in Ward 5 Toronto West. The Head of the family was now Harriet Cowan,  a widow aged 62.  John Cowan , 19 was a Teamster by trade. There were three additions to the family, Adelaide age 9  was born in July 1901, Harold age 8  was born March 1903  and Willimone age 5 was born in  December 1905. All the older siblings were still living at home.

Arthur William Cowan had died age 41 on 7th October 1905.

The following information was supplied by Kimberly Evans a relative of John. (brother Frederick’s Grand daughter)

John’s  grandparents emigrated to Canada from Ireland.  His paternal grandfather Robert Cowan fought against the Fenians.  Robert was a boot and shoemaker – had a shop on Queen Street, Toronto.  His father Arthur William Cowan joined the Northwest Mounted Police until he injured his leg in a logging accident.  Then he ran a cartage business in Toronto (which I believed included mail delivery) until he was kicked in the stomach by a sick horse he was tending and died several days later.

John Arpin Allin Cowan’s army records tell us that he enlisted into the 84th Overseas Battalion, Canadian Expeditionary Force  on 27th October 1915 in Toronto. He gave his trade as ‘Steamfitter’.  His next of kin was his Mother, Harriet Cowan of 51 Foxley St, Toronto, Ontario. He stated that he had served for 8 months with The Queen’s Own Rifles of Canada Regiment based at Moss Park Armoury, Toronto.

He embarked for England on 18th June 1916 on board the S.S. Empress of Britain.

On arrival John was transferred to the 75th Battalion, Canadian Infantry and posted to Bramshott Camp, Hampshire and reported sick on 7th November 1916 complaining of pain in his knee resulting in 8 weeks Base Duty. (There is more information about Bramshott Camp further down this page).  He was posted overseas with the 3rd Canadian Labour Battalion and was promoted to Lieutenant Corporal on 6th February 1917 but reverted to ranks at his own request on 27th July 1917 and remained in the Field until 30th December 1918 when he was  transferred to Whitley Army Camp on arrival in the U.K.

The 3rd Canadian Labour  Battalion was re designated to the 11th Canadian Railway Troops on 25th November 1917.

After leaving Whitley Camp, John Cowan was transferred to Kinmel Camp in Rhyl to prepare for repatriation to Canada. Sadly John contracted Influenza and died in Kinmel Camp at 2.30am on 27th January 1919.

(From Library and Archives of Canada  Service Files of 1st WW 1914-1918).

Kinmel Park Camp was a segregation camp used to house Canadian Soldiers awaiting repatriation to Canada after the end of WW1. Unfortunately the conditions at that time were extremely harsh with a lack of every kind of commodity, the camp was overcrowded and the services were poor, there were shortages of clothing, food and blankets. As a result of this situation, a vast number of servicemen and women became ill and many succumbed to the Influenza Epidemic or complications associated with this infection.

Bramshott Camp  The following text is from The Hampshire History Website. 

The WWI camp was established on the heathland between Bramshott and Liphook, row upon row of wooden huts for the men to sleep in, a hospital and open air theatre and stage. The camp was serviced from a line of hastily erected corrugated iron huts which kept the camp well provided for all its various needs, with a cafe, bank, shop, cinema and various other entertainments. All quite astonishing when you think of it all spread along the A3 main road opposite where the ruin of the Spaniard Inn still stands. This section of road now sadly depleted of the maple trees that were planted all down the centre remind us of a time when this part of Hampshire was home to thousands of Canadians.

South Camp Hospital  A large hospital was opened at Bramshott, caring for those soldiers who were sick, succumbing to changes in climate and exposure to different viruses and bacteria. The war wounded also were brought here to be tended. Sadly many of the soldiers having survived the war fell victim to the Spanish flu pandemic that unleashed itself in 1918. The church yard at Bramshott became the final resting place of many of these casualties.

Inside the church of St Mary the VirginSome battalions rested their colours in the church when they left for France and at the rear of the nave hangs the Canadian Red Ensign, last flown over Camp Huron in 1946 along with a Canadian Veterans banner. The three stained glass windows above the alter are beautifully created, commemorating the thousands of troops from two world wars who camped in Bramshott. The windows contain tiny details of Canada including the names of most of the Canadian Provinces that the soldiers came from. The kneelers likewise are embroidered with Canadian place names, flags and flowers. The canopied priest’s stall, lectern and desk were given in 1954 in memory of Canadian Forces associated with the area.

He was awarded The British War Medal and The Victory Medal

John is also commemorated on the Canadian Virtual War Memorial.

Learn more about the other soldiers on the Bodelwyddan Memorial

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