Studley, Arthur

Name of Researcher / Enw’r ymchwylydd: Lindsay Hicks and Mavis Williams

Name of Memorial / Enw’r gofeb: Overton

Name / Enw: Studley, Arthur

Regiment/Catrawd: 17th Ruahin Regiment,Wellington Infantry, N.Z.E.F.

Service Rank and Number / Rheng gwasanaeth a rhif: Private 10/168

Military Cemetery/Memorial / Fynwent milwrol: Chanuk Bair (New Zealand) Memorial

Ref No Grave or Memorial / Rhif cyfeirnod bedd: Panel Reference: 23.

Country of Cemetery or Memorial / Gwlad y fynwent neu gofeb: Turkey (including Gallipoli)

Medals Awarded / Medalau a ddyfarnwyd: 1914/15 Star, British War Medal, Victory Medal

Date and Circumstances of Death / Dyddiad ac amgylchiadau marwolaeth:

The finding of a Board of Enquiry held at Ismailia, Egypt, on 16 Jan 1916 was that Arthur was Killed at Gallipoli on 8 August 1915

Born in Ellesmere, emigrated to New Zealand, where his aunt Mrs E Studley lived. Arthur worked as a General station hand on White Rock Station, Martinborough, close to where his aunt lived in Masterton.

Arthur Studley born in the September quarter of 1887 (Ellesmere Volume: 6a Page: 707) was the eldest of 2 sons born to Edward Groom & Mary Elizabeth Studley (nee Lea) who married at Holy Trinity Church, Gwersyllt in 1887. (Wrexham County Borough (Wrexham) C10/1/139).   Arthur’s only sister, Lilian was born in the December quarter of 1888.

The 1891 census sees the family living at Caedia, Overton, Flintshire, head of the household being Edward Groom, 26, a Farmer who had been born in Ellesmere, Salop.   His wife Mary Elizabeth, 25 had been born in Wrexham, Denbighshire.   Their children, Arthur,3, Lilian*, 2, and Thomas, 7 months old had all been born in Overton.   There were 4 servants in the household, including a 13 year old Nurse, born in Liverpool, Lancashire.

*I believe Lilian married on 8th March 1913 in St. Dunstan’s Church, Acton, Middlesex :-Page 108 No 216 8th March 1913 -Edwin Humphrey Francis WILLIAMS, 29 Bachelor Pharmacist 127, The Vale, Acton. Father Edwin Humphrey WILLIAMS, Rate Collector & Lilian STUDLEY, 24, Spinster 5, Larden Road. Father Edward STUDLEY, Farmer.  After Banns. -Witnesses:- H.H. CoeReig?? Wn., H.J. OR MEROD & A. O’NEIL ??

Before the next census of 1901 their father Edward Groom Studley was to suffer a lot of grief, beginning with the loss of his wife Mary Elizabeth at the age of 29 in 1895 (WrexhamVol. 11b, Page 195).

I cannot find Edward Groom Studley on the 1901 census but believe that I have found the 2 boys living at different places on the census.   Arthur, 13, a Scholar, was living at Little Overton Farm, Overton, Flintshire with his grandfather Thomas, 57, a widower and Farmer, with Edward’s brother Herbert,30, who is married, but with no wife at home, both born Overton, according to the census.   There were 5 servants.

Arthur’s brother Thomas, 10, was living at Whitchurch Road, Bangor, Flintshire, the nephew of Margaret Emily Williams,32, Edward Groom Studley’s sister, who had married Thomas Williams, 36, a Butcher and employer, both born Overton, Flintshire.   Their children were Elsie, 11 and Hubert, 10, there was a General Servant and another Butcher (Slaughterer) in the household.

Arthur emigrated to New Zealand eventually, but I found a Ship’s passenger list of the Ship “Bavarian,” with an Arthur STUDLEY, birth date about 1887 departing Liverpool on the 30th March 1905 bound for St. John, Halifax, Canada.   Was this “our” Arthur on his way eventually to New Zealand.

I found Edward Groom Studley, 46, a widower telling us he had had 3 children and they were still alive, living with his sister Rosalie,36, and her husband Joseph Owen, 35, a Farmer, at Little Overton, Ellesmere, Salop, with 9 rooms on the 1911 census.   Rosalie and her husband hed 4 children, Cecilia, 12, Sidney, 11 and twins, Edward and Reginald age 9.   There was 1 servant.

Arthur, a bachelor, weighing 126lb and measuring 5’5″, Complexion – Fair, Eyes – Blue, Hair – Brown, enlisted on 14 August 1914. He left New Zealand heading for Egypt on 15 October 1914. His regiment then embarked for the Dardanelles from Alexandria on 12 April 1915.

I found out accidentally that Thomas had also died in the war, when I was searching Arthur’s records, so as I said earlier, Edward Groom Studley was to suffer a lot of grief, as lots of families did sadly, but I wonder why Thomas’s name was not put on the Overton Memorial as he and Arthur were brothers and had been born in Overton.   I believe that it may have been Rosalie Owen who put her nephew’s name forward to be included, as the signature on the Flintshire WW1 Index Cards (Overton F 23), it was hard to decipher.   On this card, she said his service was 11 months and on the reverse of the card – 10/168 Pte. A. STUDLEY, Nuahin Regiment, Wellington Regiment, New Zealand Forces.

I wrote to the New Zealand Archives and asked for help, they kindly replied giving me the website which holds all of Arthur’s Army Records, it is – http://ndhadeliver.natlib.govt.nz/delivery/DeliveryManagerServlet?dps_pid=IE19435842 please click on the link to read his papers.