James Ellis was born circa 1915, the son of Samuel & Annie Ellis, who, I believe, married in a Civil Ceremony in Holywell in the March Quarter of 1914. The certificate would have to be purchased to confirm or deny.
As James was born after the 1911 census which was the last Census published, we have no idea about James childhood or teenage years, so any help would be appreciated.
On the 1939 National Register which was taken on the 29th September 1939, James and May Louisa are seen living at Rose Cottage, Tir y Fron, Pontybodkin, Hawarden.RD. James date of birth is very badly covered by some sticky tape and all that can be certain is the 18th June, whereas May L. Ellis ‘s date of birth is given as 7th April 1915. It gives James’s occupation as a Gardener, Agricultural and May Louisa’s as doing “Unpaid Domestic Duties,” as most of the married women, who did not have a job, are described on this Register.
On the same Register, I believe that Samuel & Annie are seen living at “Rose Villa” Little Mountain , Buckley, Flintshire. Samuel Ellis’s date of birth is given as the 13th January 1894 and he is a Electric Crane Driver at the Steelworkers, Annie’s date of birth is the 4th December 1892 and like May Louisa above, is doing “Unpaid Domestic Duties.” James’s sisters, Noreen, born 15th October 1914 and Mavis, born the 16th September 1918 were both single and Silk Worker at the Silkworks, (Probably Courtlaulds, Flint. Another sister Iris Ellis had a birth date of the 3rd July 1928 and was “At School.”
I believe that his sister Noreen married Edward Cyril Victor Edwards in 1941 at Bistre Church and another sister Mavis married Joseph E. Lewis in a Civil Ceremony in 1945 at Hawarden.
I have the Royal Artillery Attestations Register, but does it not tell us a date when he joined the Army, all it states is his Regtl. Number and HAAA/S, 9th May 1945 Died.
James Ellis was one among thousands who were swept up in the Fall of Singapore and was captured on the on the 15th February 1942 (Battle of Singapore 7th Feb – 15th Feb 1942).
There is a Casualty Card which tells us that his Army Number was 1818009, Gnr. ELLIS, James age 28 Country of Birth – Wales (England crossed out) date of death 9th May 1945, Place of Death – “Jap Hands”, Malaya. Cause of Death “Avitaminosis*.”
Place of Birth – Tir-y-Fron, Mold.
Place of Domicile – Pontybodkin, Nr. Mold.
Theatre or Country where fatal wound sustained or death occurred – Malaya
This proves that James was one of the many thousands of servicemen who were starved to death by the Japanese.
On Casualty List (8) James is Listed as “Missing” (cont.), the whole page of names were missing on the same date – 15th February 1942. 3/6 Hy. A.A. Regt.
On Casualty List (6) James is Listed as “Previously posted Missing, now reported Prisoner of War.” (Cont.). Same date as the previous Casualty Form, Previous List No. 806
On Casualty List 1796 (29) James is Listed as “Previously reported Prisoner of War in Japanese Hands now reported Died.” Date on this form given as 9th June 1943. Previous List No 1136 Malaya
Yet another different form, typed with No. 15597, ELLIS, Gnr., date of Capture, 15th February 1942 Service No. 1818009, Branch of Service, – A, date of Liberation 9th May 1943 and Camp*, TH* – deceased.
List No. J.H. 228 (Page 3) gives James’s cause of death as –“ Indigestion Inhumed,” which , although I could be very wrong, means that his cause of death was “Indigestion,” for want of a better word for the reason he died, as it could very well have been from Cholera, which was rife in the camps according to the CWGC information below, in the May of 1943, and (Inhumed) – he was buried.
3 more pages of Names, including James, that I believe may have to do with the recordings in the camp.
Another one tells us that James travelled overland on the 15th October 1942, his initial “J.” Was crossed off and “T” written, but his Regimental number was correct.
Another Document (1 + 5) SS/330/141/238 (Cas P.W.) (30) lists the graves in the Lower Kanyu Main Cemetery with New POW No. 6215, Grave No. 31, POW No. 5343 Regtl. No. 1818009, Rank, Gnr., Name ELLIS, J., Unit, 3 HY A.A. Regt. RA., Date of Death 9th May 1943 and Cause of Death, Dysentery. (Copies sent to :- Colonial Office, Australian Army Staff.)
Taken from CWGC:- History Information
The notorious Burma-Siam railway, built by Commonwealth, Dutch and American prisoners of war, was a Japanese project driven by the need for improved communications to support the large Japanese army in Burma. During its construction, approximately 13,000 prisoners of war died and were buried along the railway. An estimated 80,000 to 100,000 civilians also died in the course of the project, chiefly forced labour brought from Malaya and the Dutch East Indies, or conscripted in Siam (Thailand) and Burma (Myanmar). Two labour forces, one based in Siam and the other in Burma worked from opposite ends of the line towards the centre. The Japanese aimed at completing the railway in 14 months and work began in October 1942. The line, 424 kilometres long, was completed by December 1943. The graves of those who died during the construction and maintenance of the Burma-Siam railway (except for the Americans, whose remains were repatriated) were transferred from camp burial grounds and isolated sites along the railway into three cemeteries at Chungkai and Kanchanaburi in Thailand and Thanbyuzayat in Myanmar.
KANCHANABURI WAR CEMETERY is only a short distance from the site of the former ‘Kanburi’, the prisoner of war base camp through which most of the prisoners passed on their way to other camps. It was created by the Army Graves Service who transferred to it all graves along the southern section of railway, from Bangkok to Nieke. Some 300 men who died (most from a Cholera epidemic in May/June 1943) at Nieke camp were cremated and their ashes now lie in two graves in the cemetery. The names of these men are inscribed on panels in the shelter pavilion. There are now 5,085 Commonwealth casualties of the Second World War buried or commemorated in this cemetery.
Sadly James was only able to live from the 15th February 1942 to 9th May 1943, as the conditions were so harsh and they were all so badly treated, so their stories must not be forgotten for the sacrifice they made for us.
His family, of course remembered him with love, as they added his name to the War memorial for his name to be remembered for perpetuity.
I believe that May Louisa remarried, but never forgot James as his inscription tells us, on the 12th February 1949 at Christ Church, Rhesycae to William Wynne JONES, 43, Widower, Steelworker, 15, Crossings, Penyffordd, Chester, Walter JONES (deceased), Publican & May Louisa ELLIS, 33, Widow, Miner’s Arms, Resycae, Witnesses:- Samuel TUDOR & Nellie TUDOR.
“AT THE GOING DOWN OF THE SUN AND IN THE MORNING WE REMEMBER HIM. MAY AND SON DAVID.”